Upgrading homebrew postgres

Posted: 2016-01-11 09:19 | postgresql | pg_upgrade | homebrew

Homebrew postgresql updated from 9.4.x to 9.5.x today.

This meant that after update it wouldn't start because the database needed upgrading.

I started with this article - which in summary would be:

pg_upgrade method

Stop and upgrade

launchctl unload ~/Library/LaunchAgents/homebrew.mxcl.postgresql.plist
brew update && brew upgrade postgresql

Create empty db

initdb /usr/local/var/postgres9.5 -E utf8

Upgrade db

pg_upgrade \
  -d /usr/local/var/postgres \
  -D /usr/local/var/postgres9.5 \
  -b /usr/local/Cellar/postgresql/9.4.5_2/bin/ \
  -B /usr/local/Cellar/postgresql/9.5.0/bin/ \
  -v

Tidy up

mv /usr/local/var/postgres /usr/local/var/postgres9.4
mv /usr/local/var/postgres9.5 /usr/local/var/postgres

Start

launchctl load ~/Library/LaunchAgents/homebrew.mxcl.postgresql.plist

But - my postgres/template0/template1 databases had different encodings - template1 was in unicode, template0 and postgres in SQL_ASCII. So pg_upgrade failed. Couldn't find a configuration to initdb that would work.

pg_dumpall method

So - time to look at the manual method on the migration psql doc

The result was a combination. Note that I'd already performed the installation via homebrew in the previous step - so the rest of the fix was to clear out the 9.5 db directory and start again:

Stop if running via launchctl

launchctl unload ~/Library/LaunchAgents/homebrew.mxcl.postgresql.plist

Make sure any previous attempt to upgrade is removed

rm -rf /usr/local/var/postgres9.5

Start old install, dump the entire db and then stop it again

/usr/local/Cellar/postgresql/9.4.5_2/bin/pg_ctl -D /usr/local/var/postgres -l /usr/local/var/postgres/server.log start
/usr/local/Cellar/postgresql/9.4.5_2/bin/pg_dumpall > outputfile
/usr/local/Cellar/postgresql/9.4.5_2/bin/pg_ctl -D /usr/local/var/postgres -l /usr/local/var/postgres/server.log stop

Create empty db

initdb /usr/local/var/postgres9.5 -E utf8

Tidy up

mv /usr/local/var/postgres /usr/local/var/postgres9.4
mv /usr/local/var/postgres9.5 /usr/local/var/postgres

Start

launchctl load ~/Library/LaunchAgents/homebrew.mxcl.postgresql.plist

Import

psql -d postgres -f outputfile

This worked - and now my databases are UTF based across all of them so the pg_upgrade method should work next time.