Adding a new disk with LVM and XFS

Posted: 2005-05-22

This machine is a debian sarge install (2.6 kernel). During installation - it was set up with root as ext3, some swap - and the rest of the disk as an lvm area. All partitions within this area are xfs. All the work was done by the debian installer. Now - we have a new disk which I needed to add.

So - since this is an already running box - the debian installer can't really be used - let's use the actual utilities.

All of the required steps are documented on the LVM HOWTO

First - we need to decide if we are going to use the whole disk or a partition. In this case - the whole disk /dev/hdb. To be able to do this - any existing partition table must be removed

dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/hdb bs=1k count=1
blockdev --rereadpt /dev/hdb

Not sure if the blockdev command is needed - it worked without for me.

Now - we can create a physical volume on the device

pvcreate /dev/hdb

We want to add this to the existing volume group vg0

vgextend vg0 /dev/hdb

So - let's extend an existing logical volume. For testing we'll try /tmp since the contents are not so important. It's currently 512M - lets double that.

lvextend -L1G /dev/vg0/tmp

And then - xfs needs to be told to use the whole area (one of the reasons for choosing xfs is xfs_growfs - since it can be run on a mounted active directory)

xfs_growfs /tmp

Note - the lvextend command here is told to set the size to 1G - we could have used -L+1G - which would have added 1G to the existing size.

To add a new logical volume newvol to volume group vg0 instead you could use

lvcreate -L1500 -nnewvol vg0